Parent Alienation: Manipulating a Child’s Loyalty

By Lesley S. Cunningham, MA, LPC Basic Instincts Children have a basic instinct: to survive. It is the reason for attachment, it is the reason for crying, and it is the reason why divided loyalties can happen. The survival instinct endows children with the innate ability to “read” their parents and, as a result, they are reading us constantly – our words and vocal intonations, but perhaps more importantly, our every move, the smallest facial expression, sigh, or teary eye. Parents al...
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